Helicon Ocoee Project

Vibro Stone Columns and Compaction Grout: Multi-Use Commercial Building, Ocoee, FL

In Commercial Projects, Commercial Blog Posts, Compaction Grout, Featured Projects, Ground Improvement, Vibro Stone Columns by John Topa

Ocoee City Center

Ocoee, FL

Ground Improvement for a Multi-Use Complex

Improvement of the sandy/silty soils

Allowable soil bearing capacity of 6,000 psf

Project PDF


The project is a multi-use complex, including retail space, office space, restaurants, multi-level condominiums/ apartments (9 stories tall), a 9-story hotel, and two 5 to 6-story parking garages with a clubhouse/pool area overlying the larger of the two parking garage structures. The Geotechnical Engineer of Record recommended a ground improvement solution of vibro-compaction/stone columns and compaction grout pumped to improve the load bearing capacity of the existing soils at the site.


• Sandy/Silty conditions were in loose condition up to 40 feet
• Underlying clay soils were in soft condition up to 70 feet


Helicon worked alongside the geotechnical design team to develop a vibro stone column and compaction grout program designed to meet the building code load criteria. The spacing of the stone columns were typically on the order of 5 to 7 feet on center. An allowable bearing pressure on the order of 6,000 to 8,000 pounds per square foot was achieved. The injection of a cementitious grout mixture, under pressure, through the clay formation further compacted the clay soils thereby reducing the total settlement through the layer. As a consequence, the use of stone columns in conjunction with a deep cement grout program was the best course of action. Efficient planning & coordination was key to overcoming the challenges & limitations. Helicon collaborated with the Geotechnical Engineer of Record throughout the work and confirmed all recommended criteria were followed. The vibro stone columns and compaction grout applications were completed on time and within budget.

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